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Bhutan Sales Tax on foreign digital services

The eastern Himalayan state of Bhutan has introduced its Sales Tax on non-resident providers of digital services to its consumers. Such providers are now obliged to register, and report to the tax authorities when the pass a registration threshold of Nu 5million per annum (approx €55,000). The current Sales Tax rate is 7%.

GST implementation is likely, and came into effect for non-residents too. Affected providers should have started their VAT registration process prior to this launch date.

Electronic distribution network’ (EDP) marketplace liabilities

The tax liability falls with the provider of the digital services or any facilitating ‘electronic distribution network’ (EDP) marketplace. This follows the Australian model, targeting any party (including a website, internet portal, gateway, online store or marketplace) that provides the services / delivers by means of electronic communication.

VAT Calc tracks global VAT and GST on digital services to verify which countries have imposed VAT or GST on electronic services.

Asia Pacific VAT on digital services

Comments (click for details) Rate Date Threshold Comments
Australia 10% Jul 2017 AUD $75,000
Azerbaijan 12% Jan 2017
Armenia 20% Jan 2022 AMD 115million
Bangladesh 5% - 15% Jul 2019 B2B and B2C
Bhutan 7% Jul 2021 Nu 5million
Cambodia 10% Mar 2022 KHR 250m
China 6%-13% N/a Nil Withholding VAT; B2B and B2C
Fiji 9% TBC FJD 300,000
India 18% Jul 2017 -
Indonesia 11% Aug 2020 IDR600m or 12k customers
Japan 10% Oct 2015 JPY 10 million
Kazakhstan 12% Jan 2022 Nil
Kyrgyzstan 12% Jan 2022 Nil
Laos 10% Feb 2022 LAK 400m
Malaysia 8% Jan 2020 RM500,000
Nepal 13% Jul 2022 Rupees 2m Also 2% DST
New Zealand 15% Oct 2016 NZD 60,000
Pakistan 2% Sep 2021 Nil Marketplace Withholding VAT
Palau 10% Jan 2023 $300,000
Philippines 12% 2024 ? P 3million
Singapore 9% Jan 2020 S$ 100,000
South Korea 10% Jul 2015 Nil
Sri Lanka 18% 2025? LKR 60m Proposals only
Taiwan 5% May 2017 NTD 480,000
Tajikistan 14% Jan 2021
Thailand 7% Sep 2021 1.8m Baht
Uzbekistan 12% Jan 2020 Nil
Vietnam 10% Dec 2020


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