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Saudi Arabia VAT on digital services

The Gulf state of Saudi Arabia implemented VAT on electronic or digital services provided by resident or non-resident providers on 1 January 2018. This was the date it introduced its 5% VAT regime as part of the six-state Gulf Cooperation Council agreement to create a VAT union. So far, only UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Oman have introduced VAT and taxed non-resident digital services.

This requires a VAT registration with the General Authority of Zakat and Tax to charge VAT to consumers. There is no VAT registration threshold. Business customers are zero-rated with the reverse charge. Check VAT Calc’s global VAT and GST on digital services tracker to see which other countries have introduced indirect taxes on electronic services to consumers.

What digital services are liable to Saudi Arabian VAT?

Income from the following services is subject to VAT:

  • Apps
  • SaaS or cloud-based software
  • Streaming or download software
  • Online storage
  • Advertising
  • e-commerce booking services would be subject VAT based on the underlying supply
  • ride sharing platforms will be deemed to be providing transport services

Determining if VAT is due

Under the destination principle, VAT is due if the digital services is consumed in Saudi Arabia. This would include via the internet, WiFi, hotspot etc.  Providers may determine the location of the location of their customer and/or where the services is consumed by using any of the following evidence:

  • Customer invoicing address
  • Bank account details of the customer
  • IP internet protocol address used by the customer to receive the electronic services
  • Country code of the SIM card used by the customer to receive the electronic services

VAT Compliance

There is no Saudi Arabia VAT registration threshold for non-residents providing A special VAT agent, or Fiscal Representative, is not required for non-residents to register and file their returns.

B2B digital VAT rules – reverse charge

Foreign providers with businesses customers do not charge Saudi Arabian VAT. Instead, they should zero-rate the transaction and allow their customer to report the transaction via the reverse charge. If a provider only has business customers, then there is no requirement to VAT register.

Marketplace liabilities

Saudi Arabia also makes facilitating marketplaces liable for the VAT on their third-party sellers.

Africa & Middle East VAT on digital services

Comments (click for details) Rate Date Threshold Comments
Algeria 9% Jan 2020 Nil
Angola 14% Oct 2019
Bahrain 10% Jan 2019 Nil
Benin 18% Oct 2023 TBC
Botswana 14% 2024 - Pending implementation
Cameroon 19.5% Jan 2020 XAF 50 million
Congo, Democratic Republic 16% Jan 2024 -
Egypt 14% Sep 2016 EGP 500,000
Ghana 12.5% Apr 2022 GHS 200,000
Israel 17% TBC Proposals withdrawn
Ivory Coast 18% 2022 -
Jordan 16% JOD 30,000
Kenya 16% Sep 2013 - Registration threshold removed 2023
Kuwait 5% Jan 2024? - TBC
Mauritius 15% 2020
Morocco 20% 2024
Nigeria 7.5% Jan 2020 $25,000
Oman 5% Apr 2021 OMR 35,000
Rwanda 18% TBC
Saudi Arabia 15% Jan 2018 Nil
Senegal 18% Apr 2024 Nil Fiscal representative required
Sierra Leone 15% SLE 100,000
South Africa 15% Jun 2014 ZAR 1 million
Tanzania 18% Jul 2022 Nil Residents since Jul 2015
Tunisia 19% Jan 2020 Nil Withholding VAT; 3% Royalty Tax
Uganda 18% Jan 2020 UGX 150m
United Arab Emirates 5% Jan 2018 AED 375,000
Zimbabwe 14.5% Jan 2020 Nil
Zambia 16% Jan 2024 Fiscal Representative req'd


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