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Saudi Arabia 2023 mandatory e-invoices (FATOORAH) updates

FATOORAH mandatory e-invoicing 1 January 2023 for large taxpayers; follows Dec 2022 voluntary phase

ZATCA confirms 1 July 2023 next wave for mandatory e-invoicing

Saudi Tax and Customs Authority (ZATCA) on 23 December confirmed the criteria for the mid-sized wave of mandatory e-invoicing, FATOORAH. This will be for businesses whose turnover in 2021 was above SAR 500m.

ZATCA starts 2nd, ‘Integration’ phase for mandatory B2B e-invoice 1 January 2023

ZATCA starts the second phase of e-invoicing in 2023. This will require businesses to:

  • B2B XML invoices should be sent to ZATCA for prior clearance (Continuous Transaction Controls CTC) .
  • B2C invoices will instead be reported in near-live format, within 24 hours of booking. Paper invoices for customers is still permitted, although e-invoices can be offered. In either case, a QR Code is required.

Any businesses with an annual taxable turnover above SAR 3 billion (approximately $800 million) in 2021 must now start planning with ZATCA for the first wave of the Integration phase on 1 January 2023.

The latest guidance for businesses above the threshold covers:

  • Control requirements, business rules for validation of the xml invoices
  • Technical specifications of e-invoices, certain data fields between mandatory, conditional or optional
  • Procedural rules, including VAT Group number treatment and inclusion of Fields for the Purchase Order and Contract Identification Numbers

Electronic invoices test sandbox for testing prior to Jan 2023 full integration

Businesses can already test the FATOORAH e-invoice system in a sandbox environment ahead of full mandatory obligation to issue e-invoices from 1 January 2023. This follows the December 2021 introduction of the obligation to be able to receive e-invoices.

This has been provided by ZATCA.

Integration (Jan 2023) following first phase, Introduction (Dec 2021)

Saudi Arabia implemented the requirement to receive B2B electronic invoices for VAT transactions by resident businesses from 4 December 2021. Taxpayers do not yet have to submit full e-invoices (FATOORAH) to the ZATCA tax authorities in real-time until 1 January 2023. Non-resident taxable persons for VAT purposes are excluded.

This follows examples in Europe (e.g. Italy) and from around the world whereby tax authorities seek to gain transactional-level details of tax liabilities to help detect and prevent evasion. Check VAT Calc’s global live VAT invoice transaction and e-invoice reporting tracker to see where else real-time submissions of invoices is being implemented.

The Zakat Tax and Customs Authority (ZATCA) is rolingl out the new invoicing rules in two phases:

Phase 1, Issue and Storage (Generation), 4 December 2021

The covered the obligations to issue, receive and store sales and purchase e-invoices in a secure manner from e-invoicing system. The scope will include the following transactions:

  • Domestic;
  • Zero rated; and
  • Exports

The following transactions are excluded:

  • Exempt supplies
  • Import of goods; and
  • Supplies subject to reverse charge mechanism

Invoices will be required to contain a QR Code for B2C invoices at least. B2B will remain optional.  invoices must include the mandatory fields and must be issued from an electronic system meeting ZATCA’s requirements. In addition, electronic copies of all issued invoices must be stored by the taxpayer.

ZATCA laid out the basic requirements for the Phase 1, Issue and Storage, stage. This covers the:

  • Controls, requirements, technical specifications, and procedural rules to implement the provisions of the e-invoicing regulations
  • e-invoice XML implementation requirements;
  • security structures; and
  • QR Code invoice requirement

E-invoicing systems may include: Online cash registers, virtual cash registers on tablets, e-invoicing software installed on a computer, e-invoicing software in- stalled on phone or tablet and cloud- based solutions are examples of e-invoicing solutions.

VAT Calc’s in real-time global Calculator and Auditor  services produce instant and accurate tax calculations into your ERP, billing, e-commerce or e-invoicing systems. This includes Saudi Arabia, other Gulf states as the follow and the rest of the world.

Middle East & Africa e-invoicing



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